By Anthony Marcus, correspondent for Eurasia Business News, March 21, 2023

Photo: Chinese President Xi Jinping, left, walks alongside Russian President Vladimir Putin on March 21, 2023, into a Kremlin room to hold a working meeting.

On 20th and 21st March the Russian President Vladimir Putin met with the Chinese President Xi Jinping in the Kremlin, who was on an official visit to Russia for three days. The visit to Moscow of the Chinese president makes it possible to show the unity and alliance of the two giants of Eurasia, China and Russia.

The Kremlin hosted talks between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping in an expanded format. Xi Jinping met with Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin there, after which negotiations between the leaders of China and Russia in an expanded format began. Members of the government, the Security Council and leaders of major private and public companies attended the talks.

Vladimir Putin said the talks were successful and constructive. The leaders of the two countries signed a declaration on economic cooperation plans until 2030 and a declaration on plans to deepen their strategic partnership.

Russia and China have called for an end to actions that contribute to the escalation of the conflict in Ukraine, according to a joint statement issued after the March 21 talks.

« The parties note that in order to resolve the Ukrainian crisis, it is necessary to respect the legitimate security concerns of all states and prevent the formation of a wholesale confrontation, to stop actions that contribute to further fueling the conflict,” the text of the document published on the Kremlin’s website said.

In the joint statement, the parties also called for “the cessation of all measures contributing to the escalation of tension and the prolongation of hostilities, in order to avoid a further deterioration of the crisis until its transition to an uncontrolled phase“. “The parties oppose all unilateral sanctions imposed bypassing the UN Security Council,” the document said.

The statement also notes that China welcomes Russia’s willingness to make efforts to restart peace talks on the settlement of the “Ukrainian issue” as soon as possible.

Russia and China further declared the inadmissibility of launching a nuclear war in which there can be no winners, called on all nuclear powers not to deploy weapons outside their territories and to repatriate them from abroad.

“(…) The parties reiterate that there can be no winners in a nuclear war and that it should never be triggered,” reads a joint statement signed by the leaders of Russia and China after the talks in Moscow.

It notes that “not all nuclear powers should deploy nuclear weapons outside national territories and should withdraw all nuclear weapons stationed abroad.”

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Furthermore, in the document, the parties reaffirm their commitment to their obligations under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) of 1 July 1968 and promise to “continue to coordinate efforts” to preserve and strengthen the Treaty.

Moscow and Beijing also expressed “grave concern about the consequences for stability in the Asia-Pacific region related to the creation in 2021 of a Tripartite Security Partnership (AUKUS) between the United States, Britain and Australia and their plans to build nuclear submarines.”

« The parties strongly urge the members of this partnership to strictly comply with their obligations regarding the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery, in order to maintain regional peace, stability and development in the region,” the document said.

Several intergovernmental, inter-ministerial and corporate documents on the development of Russian-Chinese cooperation in various fields were signed.

In addition to international politics and current geopolitical events in Europe, Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping have concluded several agreements on economic and energy matters.

Russia advocates the use of the Chinese yuan in the settlement of trade transactions with countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America.

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Vladimir Putin also announced that LNG supplies from Russia to China will increase, with Moscow also ready to increase oil supplies.

China and Russia are two nuclear powers, which grew closer in the 2000s, sharing a common opposition to the influence of the United States and its allies on the international stage.

The alliance between China, an industrial giant, and Russia, the leading power in mineral resources, constitutes a geopolitical force unequalled in history, whose base is Eurasia, “heart of the world”, as already considered by the British geographer Halford John Mackinder in 1904 in his article The Geographical Pivot of History. This theory was, however, criticized by Nicholas John Spykman, professor of international relations at Yale University in the 1930s, defending the primacy of the “Rimland”, this coastal strip of the Eurasian continent, over the “Heartland”.

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